The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA):
Your Rights Under the FCRA:
The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA):
Your rights under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act:
Fair And Accurate Credit Transaction Act (FACTA):
Know Your Credit Rights!
The FCRA is designed to help ensure that credit bureaus furnish correct and complete information to businesses to use when evaluating your application.
You have the right to receive a copy of your credit report. The copy of your report must contain all of the information in your file at the time of your request.
You have the right to know the name of anyone who received your credit report in the last year for most purposes or in the last two years for employment purposes.
Any company that denies your application must supply the name and address of the credit bureau they contacted, provided the denial was based on information given by the credit bureau.
You have the right to a free copy of your credit report when your application is denied because of information supplied by the credit bureau. Your request must be made within 60 days of receiving your denial notice.
If you contest the completeness or accuracy of information in your report, you should file a dispute with the credit bureau and with the company that furnished the information to the bureau. Both the credit bureau and the furnisher of information are legally obligated to investigate your dispute.
You have a right to add a summary explanation to your credit report if your dispute is not resolved to your satisfaction.
The ECOA prohibits credit discrimination on the basis of sex, race, marital status, religion, national origin, age, or receipt of public assistance. Creditors may ask for this information (except religion) in certain situations, but may not use it to discriminate when deciding whether to grant you credit.
The ECOA protects consumers who deal with companies that regularly extend credit, including banks, small loan and finance companies, retail and department stores, credit card companies, and credit unions. Everyone who participates in the decision to grant credit, including real estate brokers who arrange financing, must follow this law. Businesses applying for credit also are protected by this law.
You cannot be denied credit based on your race, sex, marital status, religion, age, national origin, or receipt of public assistance.
You have the right to have reliable public assistance considered in the same manner as other income.
If you are denied credit, you have a legal right to know why.
FACTA (Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act) is an amendment to FCRA (Fair Credit Reporting Act) that was added, primarily, to protect consumers from identity theft.
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